姓名:陈发虎
职称:研究员/院士/杰青
学历:博士
专家类别:核心骨干
电话:010-8424 9469
传真:010-8409 7079
电子邮箱:fhchen@itpcas.ac.cn
通讯地址:北京市朝阳区林萃路16号院3号楼
研究方向:

干旱-半干旱区的环境变化及其史前人-环境相互作用研究 

简介

陈发虎,1962年生,自然地理学博士,中国科学院青藏高原研究所研究员、所长,兰州大学特聘教授,中国科学院院士,发展中国家科学院(TWAS)院士,中国地理学会理事长。198419871990年分别获兰州大学自然地理学学士、硕士和博士学位,1995-1997年利物浦大学地理系博士后。1992年任兰州大学地理系副教授,1995年任教授和博士生导师,2001年英国伦敦大学学院访问教授。1999-2004年兰州大学资源环境学院院长,2005-2016年任西部环境教育部重点实验室主任,2007-2018年任兰州大学副校长、学术委员会副主任。现任国际地理联合会环境演变化委员会副主席,中国资源学会、中国第四纪研究会副理事长,曾任教育部地理学教学指导委员会主任(2013-2018)。担任多家国内外刊物的执行主编、副主编或编委,在NatureScienceNCCPNASESRSRQSR、《中国科学》等国内外学术刊物发表论文530多篇(SCI论文300多篇),总引20100多次,被SCI刊物引用10600多次,H指数51 

长期从事晚第四纪气候和环境变化、史前文明演化与气候环境变化相互作用研究。在黄土研究、气候变化、环境变化、环境考古与史前文明演化等方面取得了系统性、创新性的研究成果。系统开展了黄土高原西部地区的黄土地层和气候记录研究,建立了适用于区域对比的黄土-古土壤序列;较早提出我国末次冰期冬、夏季风均存在快速变化;发现我国季风边缘区全新世气候也存在千-百年尺度的气候快速变化,表现为多次重大干旱事件。系统重建了亚洲中部干旱区的湿度(降水)时空变化,发现全新世中期东亚夏季风最强盛,西风核心区则中晚全新世最湿润,提出了全新世气候变化的西风模态及其解释机制新观点;提出农业扩散和发展促进了史前人类在晚全新世才长年定居青藏高原的新观点;发现自然暖期高山湖泊发生富营养化,提出现代人为暖期和自然暖期对高山湖泊生态系统的影响不同。研究成果获12项省部级科技奖(含一等奖5项)和国家自然科学二等奖2项(第一完成人,2007年,2018年)。 

研究方向

干旱-半干旱区的环境变化及其史前人-环境相互作用研究 

职务
中国科学院青藏高原研究所所长/中国科学院青藏高原地球科学卓越创新中心主任
社会任职
 
承担项目
 
获奖及荣誉
2016, Member, The World Academy of Science (TWAS)

2015, Academician, Chinese Academy of Science (CAS)

2005, National Excellent Scientist

2003, NSFC Excellent Younger Scientist grogram

1996, China Youth Science and Technology Award 

代表论著
1. Selected recent publications:
2. Chen, F.H.*, Chen, S.Q., Zhang, X., Chen, J.H., Wang, X., Gowan, E.J., Qiang, M.R., Dong, G.H., Wang, Z.L., Li, Y.C., Xu, Q.H., Xu, Y.Y., Smol, J.P., Liu, J.B.*, 2020. Asian dust-storm activities dominated by Chinese dynasty changes since 2000 BP. Nature Communications, doi: 10.1038/s41467-020-14765-4.
3. Chen, F.H.*, Welker, F., Shen, C.-C., Bailey, S.E., Bergmann, I., Davis, S., Xia, H., Wang, H., Fischer, R., Freidline, S.E., Yu, T.-L., Skinner, M.M., Stelzer, S., Dong, G.R., Fu, Q.M., Dong, G.H., Wang, J., Zhang, D.J.*, Hublin, J.-J.*, 2019. A late Middle Pleistocene Denisovan mandible from the Tibetan Plateau. Nature, 569: 409-412.
4. Chen, F.H., Chen, J.H., Huang, W., Chen, S.Q., Huang, X.Z., Jin, L.Y., Jia, J., Zhang, X.J., An, C.B., Zhang, J.W., Zhao, Y., Yu, Z.C., Zhang, R.H., Liu, J.B., Zhou, A.F., Feng, S., 2019. Westerlies Asia and monsoonal Asia: Spatiotemporal differences in climate change and possible mechanisms on decadal to sub-orbital timescales. Earth-Science Reviews, 192: 337-354.
5. Liu, J.B, Rühland, K.M., Chen, J.H., Xu, Y.Y., Chen, S.Q., Chen, Q.M., Huang, W., Xu, Q.H., Chen, F.H*. Smol, J.P*, 2017. Aerosol-weakened summer monsoons decrease lake fertilization in the Chinese Loess Plateau. Nature Climate Change, 7(3):190–194.
6. Chen, F.H., Dong, G.H., Zhang, D.J., Liu, X.Y., Jia, X., An, C.B., Ma, M.M., Xie, Y.W., Barton, L., Ren, X.Y., Zhao, Z.J., Wu, X.H., and M. K. Jones, 2015, Agriculture facilitated permanent human occupation of the Tibetan Plateau after 3600 BP. Science, 347(6219): 248-250.
7. Chen, F.H., Xu, Q.H., Chen, J.H., Birks, H.J.B., Liu, J.B., Zhang, S.R., Jin, L.Y., An, C.B., Telford, R.J., Cao, X.Y., Wang, Z.L., Zhang, X.J., Selvaraj, K., Lu, H.Y., Li, Y.C., Zheng, Z., Wang, H.P., Zhou, A.F., Dong, G.H., Zhang, J.W., Huang, X.Z., Bloemendal, J., and Rao, Z.G., 2015, East Asian summer monsoon precipitation variability since the last deglaciation. Scientific Reports, DOI: 10.1038/srep11186.
8. Chen, F.H., Li, G.Q., Zhao, H., Jin, M., Chen, X.M., Fan, Y.X., Liu, X.K., Wu, D. and Madsen, D., 2014, Landscape evolution of the Ulan Buh Desert in northern China during the late Quaternary. Quaternary Research, 81(3):476–487.
9. Chen, F.H., Chen, X.M., Chen, J.H., Zhou, A.F., Wu, D., Tang, L.Y., Zhang, X.J., Huang, X.Z., and Yu, J.Q., 2014, Holocene vegetation history, precipitation changes and Indian summer monsoon evolution documented from sediments of Xingyun Lake, southwest China. Journal of Quaternary Research, 29(7):661–674.
10. Chen, F.H., Qiang, M.R., Zhou, A.F., Xiao, S., Chen, J.H. and Sun, D.H., 2013, A 2000-year dust storm record from Lake Sugan in the dust source area of arid China. Journal of Geophysical Research, 118(5): 2149-2160.
11. Chen, F.H., Chen, J.H., Holmes, J.A., Boomer, I., Austin, P., Gates, J.B., Wang, N.L., Brooks, S.J. and J.W. Zhang, 2010, Moisture changes over the last millennium in the Arid Central Asia: a review, synthesis and comparison with monsoon region. Quaternary Science Review, 29(7-8): 1055-1068.
12. Chen, F.H., Yu, Z.C., Yang, M.L., Ito, E., Wang, S.M., Madsen, D.B., Huang, X.Z., Zhao, Y., Sato, T., Birks, H.J.B., Boomer, I., Chen, J.H., An, C.B., Wünnemann, B., 2008, Holocene moisture evolution in arid central Asia and its out-of-phase relationship with Asian monsoon history. Quaternary Science Reviews, 27: 351–364.
13. Chen, F.H., Bloemendal, J., Feng, Z.D., Wang, J.M., Parker, E. and Z.T. Guo, 1999, East Asian monsoon variations during Oxygen Isotope Stage 5: evidence from the northwestern margin of the Chinese loess plateau. Quaternary Science Reviews, 18(8-9):1127-1135.
14. Chen, F.H., Bloemendal, J., Wang, J.M., Li, J.J. and Oldfield, F., 1997. High-resolution multi-proxy climate records from Chinese loess: evidence for rapid climatic changes over the last 75 kyr. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 130(1-4): 323-335.
15. More papers can be found:
16. Peer-Reviewed papers: http://www.researcherid.com.cappellasstudio.com/rid/B-2788-2011 
17. Personal Research Gate: http://www.researchgate.net.cappellasstudio.com/profile/Fahu_Chen/?ev=hdr_xprf 
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